Understanding Your Pomeranian Breed Dog

The Pomeranian

The Pomeranian is a toy breed that has seen increased popularity for people who don’t have the space for a larger dog or time for exercising a large breed. The breed originally came from a region called Pomerania, which now encompasses parts of Germany and Poland. Much of their personality comes from having been sized down from sledding and herding breeds.

Physical Characteristics

Poms are small, generally 3 to 7 pounds, with a compact body, upright ears and fluffy coat. Their faces have a decidedly foxy quality. They can be found in many colors such as red, orange, cream, brown, black, sable, black-and-tan, parti-colored and brindle. The most common colors produced are orange and red.

The Pom’s head has a wedge shape, with a short muzzle and well-pronounced stop. The dog’s eyes are dark and have a slight almond shape. The tail is feathered and lies across the dog’s back. Pomeranians have a thick, double coat. The outer coat is coarse and straight while the inner coat is thick, soft and short. The neck and chest area is fluffier than the rest of the body.


The Pomeranian has a winning personality that most people enjoy. Poms are lively, bold and curious, with an alert manner that gives them the reputation of being big dogs in small packages. However, they can be suspicious of unfamiliar people and become very attached to their owners. Their alertness makes the Pomeranian a good watchdog. However, this tendency can lead to excessive barking, so early training to limit their vocalizations is important. They love to play and interact but have an independent spirit. Strong leadership from puppyhood can keep the Pom’s self-confident nature in check.

Grooming Needs

Their coats need daily brushing to stay attractive, and stray hair must be cut to keep them tidy. Pomeranians are one of the heaviest shedding breeds, so you should be prepared to run the vacuum frequently.

Pommy Care

Poms can be fussy eaters. Because of their tiny size and high activity levels, puppies require more frequent meals. You can keep dry food available at all times, which will help keep tartar from depositing on your Pom’s teeth. This is a common problem with Pomeranians and can lead to early tooth loss. Ensure that your dog gets the proper nutrition by choosing a high quality dog food that contains the right vitamins and minerals for maintaining good health. Avoid being manipulated into relying on table foods.

Daily brushing will help to remove hair and keep the coat in good condition. Pommies need a daily walk to burn off energy but will adapt well to apartment life. A daily playtime with their owners will keep them happy and well adjusted.

Health Problems

Like many small breeds, Pomeranians frequently suffer from subluxated patella, in which the kneecap becomes dislocated. Surgery is sometimes necessary. They may also be vulnerable to skin eruptions, eye infections and heart problems. Puppies may require delivery by cesarean section.

The Down Side of the Pomeranian Breed

Many people breed Pomeranians without care for producing dogs with stable temperaments. Always find a reputable breeder or choose an adult adoptee so that you can accurately assess his temperament.

Pomeranians need strong leadership or they become bossy and manipulative.  You must provide strong pack leadership and early socialization to avoid excessive barking problems and snapping at unfamiliar people. Because of their small size, they may not do well with small children. Without regular exercise, they can become neurotic, developing problems such as separation anxiety, biting and aggressiveness with other animals. They must be kept on leash or may get into spats with other dogs.

Pomeranians can be difficult to housebreak. Owners must keep them in restricted areas until their physical maturity allows them better control.

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    • Jenifer Lagana
    • May 22, 2013

    I had a pomeranian named Buddy, he was white and brown, he was very loyal and followed me every where, he slept with me, and even would pout when I went to work! He was a great dog and I miss him so much!

      • Brenda
      • May 22, 2013

      Hi Jenifer,
      I am so sorry to hear about your Buddy. It hurts so much to lose one of your babies. We just lost our Buddy. He was mixed and we were told he was part Chow & Lab by a worker at the shelter where we got him but his paperwork said part Afghan Hound and German Shepherd. I’m not sure which mix he was, but he was one of the sweetest dogs I have ever known. He died 3/21/13. He had Auto Immune Disorder. We researched AID on the internet and found many comments from people telling they used FRONTLINE on their dogs and soon after the dogs were diagnosed with AID. We used FRONTLINE on Buddy for about 2 years and our other dog Cricket for a year or so until we came to our senses and stopped using this stuff. Now Cricket is under going tests to see if she has AID. She doesn’t act right and seems sick. A couple of the tests have triggered some concerns and further tests to see if she has AID. We will know more tomorrow. There is definitely something wrong with her. I HATE FRONTLINE, AVANTIX (which we also used a couple times), ADVANTAGE AND HARTZ. They are all dangerous and should be banned!!! Use garlic and or Brewers yeast in their food. It works to keep fleas off them. I heard rubbing on orange all over the dog repels fleas. Don’t peel or cut the orange, just use a whole orange intact. I don’t know if that works or not, but it’s worth a try!

    • Bo's Mom
    • May 22, 2013

    So sorry to hear about your Buddy,Brenda. I hope Cricket comes out ok. Let us know what you find out tomorrow.–Update: Cricket has the beginnings of kidney failure, possibly brought on by the use of these flea and tick medications.

  1. Reply

    I am a certified veterinary Clinical Nutritionist, and work a lot with poms, specially with Recycled Pom Rescue in Dallas (have a special place in my heart for them!).
    One of the greatest problems we deal with in poms are seizures. Dogs don’t have the inherent gene of seizures. The propensity to have seizures needs a key to be unlocked. This key is malnutrition, specially a lack of minerals such as magnesium and manganese.
    Just by balancing these two elements in their dietary supplementation, vets have been able to completely remove many poms from Phenobarbital!

    Giulio Ferrari
    Clinical Nutritionist

      • Bo's Mom
      • May 29, 2013

      That’s great to know, Guilio. I imagine that just like in humans, many doggie ailments and diseases can be prevented or cured through the right nutrition.

    • Lacey
    • June 9, 2013

    I just got a Pomeranian and was looking for information on her and ran across your site. You have great information on here and I will be bookmarking and sharing your site. 🙂

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